Posted in Book Review, Books I have read, Five Star Reads

The Apprentice of Split Crow Lane – Jane Housham

Non-Fiction Crime 5*s
Non-Fiction Crime
5*s

When I saw that this book was going to be published on 3 November 2016 way back in August my interest was piqued and I took the bold step of telling the publishers riverrun so, they in turn kindly supplied me with copy.

On 13 April 1866 on Carr’s Hill, Gateshead five year old Sarah Melvin disappeared, only for her body to be discovered later by a couple going to the local public house. The crime was a brutal one, the facts horrifying, even at a distance of 150 years but Jane Housham, having come across the case in the course of tracing her family history decided to use it as a springboard to examine not only the crime itself, but the psyche of the accused, the justice system and how the insane were treated in the mid-Victorian age.

The book opens with the background to the case, the journey that young Sarah Melvin is known to have taken on the day of her murder travelling to visit her father who was out seeking work. We are treated to the work of the police following the discovery of the body, its removal to the local inn, as was the custom in those days, and later to her mother’s house where an autopsy was held on the table. The rudiments of forensics were just being employed but this was as far removed from the strict chain of evidence used these days as you can get.

Unlike some historical true crime books, Jane Housham doesn’t re-examine the evidence to put forward a theory of another killer than that tried for the crime, instead she has carried out extensive research into what the make-up of the killer was. Why did he commit such a terrible crime? Was he insane? What she finds isn’t necessarily what we would expect from Victorian justice, a revelation indeed.

Jane Housham uses the contemporary media from that time, she looks at other crimes that were committed on and around Carr’s Hill within a similar time period. She also gives us a flavour of the population of the time, of the haves and the have-nots and really conjures up details of the place where the crime was committed in astonishing detail especially as the area has changed beyond recognition in the intervening years. The log books detailing the prisoner’s incarceration are also provided as well as the few remaining letters surviving from that time which indicate the level of his education as well as the workings of his mind.

Books of this nature which have to be so rigorously researched can often be quite dry as the author seeks to educate the reader, not this one, the prose is lively the tone even without a hint of condescension, the facts are displayed, the author unafraid to pose an opinion and when she is unsure of a statement she’s made, says so. Why the doubts? Because she accepts that at such a distance in time, it is impossible to really know what happened. She has a number of documents, a huge amount of knowledge, but of course there are gaps, the author wasn’t stood in the courtroom listening to the evidence although she has done a good job of spotting the discrepancies in the newspaper reporting, and rectifying some of the minor confusion caused all these years later.

This was a fascinating read, particularly for those readers who like me, are interested in Victorian provision of the criminally insane. To have the words written by those doctors who had not quite relinquished the hold of phrenology but are doing their best to embrace the new liberal ideas surrounding psychiatry at this time, and then in turn reading this  in relation to a real case, shows the practical application of thinking in a way the theory espoused at the time never can.

I am truly grateful for the opportunity to read this book, it was enlightening and despite the inevitable feeling of voyeurism in revisiting such a crime, no matter how long ago it occurred. The sheer amount of information to be gleaned from this book on a number of different related subjects was enormous but done in such a clear-sighted manner that made these facts easy to absorb and build upon. I definitely think the author hit her brief of examining the shift in ideas about insanity at this time, illustrating justice in action and sadly the life of a killer, his family and of course poor little Sarah Melvin whose life was cut short.

First Published UK: 3 November 2016
Publisher: Riverrun
No of Pages: 368
Genre: Historical True Crime
Amazon UK
Amazon US

Author:

A book lover who clearly has issues as obsessed with crime despite leading a respectable life

37 thoughts on “The Apprentice of Split Crow Lane – Jane Housham

  1. Oh, this really sounds intriguing, Cleo! I do have a soft spot for crime from other eras like that, and it’s interesting to follow along with the way things were done at that time. I can see how this piqued your interest, and I’m glad you found it a good read.

    1. It was very educational as it took a look at Broadmoor Hospital for the criminally insane which hadn’t been opened long at all at the time of the book. Although I’ve read a bit about this institution and how it came into being, I think you understand on a different level when you read contemporary documents from the time.

  2. I am intrigued by research into how the world viewed insanity at various points in time. Even as recently as mid-Twentieth Century, we had some archaic views. Institutions that resembled horror factories.

    Great review, and thanks for sharing.

    1. The provision for the criminally insane was the part that intrigued me the most and even though I knew something of the change in attitudes it was really interesting to read some of the contemporary documents from the time.

  3. Another Victorian recommendation from you? Brilliant! I’m very curious about how things were done and I like that the author puts all evidence and theories in a voice that does not sound like a bad documentary.

    1. I know for some reason I ended up reading a whole heap of historical crime all around the same time! Jane Housham really puts the crime into context with the area, people, customs and laws which works fantastically well

  4. I love Victorian HF mysteries or crime fiction, so you had my interest from the first word! I will definitely go looking for this one and hope I find it. I love the cover too, how different! Thanks so much for sharing your thoughts here.

    1. Thank you Rita, the crime inside the beautiful cover is quite a grim one, all the more shocking because it actually happened. The bit of the book that most interested me was the look at Broadmoor hospital for the criminally insane which hadn’t been open very long. There really is so much detail to explore.

  5. Love the sound of this one Cleo – I hadn’t come across it until your Top Ten Of 2016, and I too love Victorian/Edwardian murders! Definitely for the Wish List – and thank you for letting me discover this!

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